1Curt Epstein, China Begins Effort To Build Naval Aviation. AINonline, Aug 22
, 2011 (blog).
("World War II was the only time carriers dueled with their own kind")
(a) The article said, "A century ago, the U.S. Navy purchased its first
airplane * * * The date of that purchase–May 8, 1911–is considered the
birthday of naval aviation."
The purchase was made from Glenn Curtiss (1878-1930), whose test pilot was
Eugene Ely (1879-1911)--both Americans.
(b) Battle of Taranto
(took place on the night of Nov 11–12, 1940 during WWII; The Royal Navy
launched the first all-aircraft ship-to-ship naval attack in history, flying
a small number of obsolescent biplane torpedo bombers from an aircraft
carrier in the Mediterranean Sea; against Italian warships at anchor in the
harbor of Taranto; the beginning of the rise of the power of naval aviation,
over the big guns of battleships)
Summary: Greeks founded the colony and called it Taras after the mythical
, which Romans spelled Tarentum.
(The first strike from a carrier against a land target as well as a sea
target took place in September 1914 when the Imperial Japanese Navy seaplane
carrier Wakamiya [若宮丸, later 若宮艦] conducted the world's first ship-
launched air raids from Kiaochow Bay during the Battle of Tsingtao in China.
The four Maurice Farman seaplanes bombarded German-held land targets)
Maurice Farman (1877-1964) was a French aviator and aircraft manufacturer.
(c) Attack on Pearl Harbor occurred on Dec 7, 1941.
(d) HMS Repulse (1916)
(a Renown-class battlecruiser; Commissioned 1916; sanked with her consort
HMS Prince of Wales on 10 December 1941 when they attempted to intercept [
Japanese] landings in British Malaya; section 5 Force Z)
(e) HMS Prince of Wales (53)
(pennant number 53; a King George V-class battleship; Commissioned Jan 19,
Fate: Sunk on 10 December 1941 by Japanese air attack off Kuantan, South
(f) Battle of Coral Sea
(at Coral Sea; May 4-8, 1942; Japan v US + Australia)
"The battle was the first fleet action in which aircraft carriers engaged
each other. It was also the first naval battle in history in which neither
side's ships sighted or fired directly upon the other.
"Although a tactical victory for the Japanese in terms of ships sunk, the
battle would prove to be a strategic victory for the Allies for several
(g) Battle of Midway occurred on June 4 to 7, 1942.
(h) HMS Illustrious (R06)
(second of three Invincible-class light aircraft carriers; Commissioned 1982
; Status in active service; Currently Illustrious is the last remaining
aircraft carrier of the Royal Navy. It is envisaged that she will be
withdrawn from service in 2014 and will not effectively be replaced until
HMS Queen Elizabeth is commissioned some time around 2020)
(i) HMAS Melbourne (R21)
(UK built, launched in February 1945 the lead ship of the Majestic class
light aircraft carrier, as HMS Majestic (R77) but never commissioned it;
Australia purchased it in 1947 and continued working on it; Commissioned
1955 as HMAS Melbourne; Decommissioned 1982; Fate Sold to China for scrap
in 1985. Studied as part of a PLAN project to develop an aircraft carrier)
Quote: The carrier was sold in "1985 to the China United Shipbuilding
Company for A$1.4 million, with the intention that she be towed to China and
broken up for scrap. * * * The ship was not scrapped immediately [In China]
; instead she was studied by Chinese naval architects and engineers as part
of the nation's top-secret carrier development program. Reports circulated
that Melbourne's flight deck was either removed from the carrier or
reproduced, and used for the equally secret training of People's Liberation
Army Navy pilots in carrier flight operations. The carrier was not
dismantled for many years; according to some rumours she was not completely
broken up until 2002.